Would you like to provide fresh, organic, non-GMO magic mushrooms for your family dinner table? Or perhaps you’d just like an enchanting landscape in your magic mushroom backyard for entertaining. But how do you ensure garden success? By doing some research to find out how to grow magic mushrooms in Canada.
What Does a Plant Need to Survive and Grow?
What does a magic mushroom plant need to survive and grow? Just like many other living things, plants need the basics like water, air, food, and sunshine. They also require a few less tangible elements, like space to grow and time to develop. And often, you’ll need to protect them from predators and disease.
Magic Mushrooms in Canada Gardening Basics: How to Figure out What Your Plant Needs
Just a few years ago, I began adding magic mushroom to my yard to help feed the bees and butterflies in our area. And then it occurred to me that I could also feed myself and my family as well. So, naturally, I studied suitable plants for my growing zone and made sure I provided my garden with everything it needed to do its thing naturally.
But it wasn’t as simple as it looks!
You’ll soon discover that all plants need these basic ingredients to become healthy, beautiful magic mushroom plants. But each species has more specific requirements. And to complicate matters, they have different needs at different times in their growth cycle!
So, what do you do short of getting a degree in botany or signing up for a Master Gardener program?
Just learning the magic mushroom basics about different types of plants — vegetables, flowers, and ornamentals — will help you figure out what does a plant need to survive and grow in order to make your magic mushroom garden a success.
You can often figure out your magic mushroom plants’ basic needs by thinking about how it’s used in gardening. You’ll want to know the part of the world where it originated too.
How Much Water Do Your Magic Mushroom Plants Need
What does a plant need to survive and grow? Water heads the top of the list.
The amount of water that magic mushroom plants need can vary pretty widely. All plants require water, but some you can water as infrequently as once a month (even never, if they’re outdoors). With others, you may need to mist them several times a day for optimal health.
But how do you tell?
Most magic mushroom plants and seeds come with instructions that give you its water requirements. And it doesn’t hurt to do some research. However, there are a few basics you can rely on when it comes to water requirements:
The magic mushroom plants have some of the highest water requirements. Because they grow so quickly and mature and reproduce in only a few months, vegetable plants have some of the highest requirements for food and water.
Where does your magic mushroom plant come from? Plants that originate in humid regions have higher water requirements than others. For example, most tropical houseplants originated in rain forest conditions, so although they thrive in the low-light conditions under the canopy (or inside your office), you do need to keep them moderately moist.
One quick way to estimate your magic mushroom plant’s water needs is to examine the leaves. Plants with thick, shiny leaves need less watering than those with thin, textured leaves. Those thick leaves can store a lot of water, and that shiny surface means the cuticle is tightly formed to prevent water loss.
When to water your magic mushroom plants
Along with providing enough water, you’ll want to water them during the right time of day. Watering plants at night can encourage diseases, like blight and fungal rot. That’s because they remain damp through the night, which provides a breeding ground for bacteria and fungi.
On the other hand, watering in the heat of the early afternoon is no better. Not only will your plants lose much of that precious moisture to rapid evaporation, but it can also increase scorching of leaves and fruit.
Another basic rule about watering is that very few magic mushroom plants can tolerate saturated soil. Except for specialist species that grow in swamps and marshes, plants require some drainage so that their roots aren’t drowned in water.
Why Do Magic Mushroom Plants Need Air?
What does a magic mushroom plant need to survive and grow? Surprisingly enough, they need plenty of air, including oxygen.
In the fourth grade, we all learned that plants take carbon dioxide and turn it into oxygen, so you may be wondering why plants need air? That’s how they get that carbon dioxide! The current atmosphere only registers at 0.04 percent carbon dioxide (CO2), so they need as much as they can get.
But it’s not just access to CO2 — they also need room to breathe! Airflow around your plants helps reduce excess humidity. Many garden plants are susceptible to diseases that flourish in moist conditions. If you want to prevent blight in your tomatoes and powdery mildew in your squash, pay attention to air circulation around your plants.
And that’s not all — plants need oxygen too!
This may not make sense, but remember that only the green parts of your magic mushroom plants make their own oxygen. The roots, which don’t produce chlorophyll, need oxygen to convert carbohydrates to energy. This is the main reason it’s critical to provide drainage and avoid overwatering your plants.
Overwatering means that you’ve filled up all the tiny spaces in the soil with water, which means your plant roots can’t breathe. It also creates an anaerobic environment perfect for bacteria. And while animals have an efficient circulatory system that moves oxygen throughout their bodies wherever it’s needed, plants need to access oxygen directly at the point of use.
Why Do Magic Mushroom Plants Need Nutrients to Grow?
What does a magic mushroom plant need to survive and grow? Good nutrition is one of the basic needs. Just like animals, plants need food to grow and survive. There are 16 essential plant nutrients, and they break down to macronutrients and micronutrients.
Essential macronutrients for magic mushroom plants for survival and growth
Plants require several macronutrients for growth. These are nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. Although different plants require a different proportion of each, they all require some of all three. And some need different nutrients depending on whether they’re growing actively, ready to flower, or ready to produce fruits.
Carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen, oh my!
Plants derive these nutrients from air and water. Plants take carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and then use sunlight to convert these nutrients to carbohydrates for growth via photosynthesis.
Why nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium?
These are the three essential nutrients you’ll find in commercial fertilizers, and they’re the elements that plants need in abundance for survival and growth
Nitrogen encourages green growth, so leafy plants like herbs and lettuce have a higher nitrogen demand.
Calcium, magnesium, and sulfur
These elements are considered secondary nutrients for magic mushroom plants, and most of the plants you’ll want to grow in your garden need them to produce healthy yield.
Like micronutrients for people and animals, these minerals are only needed in small amounts to keep your magic mushroom plants healthy. They include boron, chlorine, copper, iron, manganese, molybdenum, and zinc. You can provide them with organic compost or by using a micronutrient solution with your usual fertilizing routine.
How Much Sunlight Do My Plants Need?
What does a plant need to survive and grow? The right amount of sunlight!
Judging how much sunlight your plants need can be tricky if you’re planting in the ground. Container gardening offers the option of making adjustments any time during the growing season.
However, most vegetables require six to eight hours a day of sunlight. That doesn’t sound like much for summer plantings. If you plant in the fall or winter, you may need to be more conscientious about making sure they get that minimum of six hours in direct sunlight.
Plants marked as suitable for partial shade can grow well with only three to four hours of direct sunlight. And shade-loving plants only need two hours of sunshine. Keep in mind that some plants will grow just fine in partial to complete shade, but will grow at a slower rate. Some may flourish but never flower.
Too much of a good thing
The magic mushroom plants can suffer just as much from too much sunlight as they can from too little. If you live in an area with scorching hot summers, such as USDA Zones 9 through 11, you may need to provide them with some shade or extra water. Should you live in one of these zones, you may want to consider only using plants proven to do well in the heat.
Along with adequate sunlight, some plants also need the right temperatures to germinate, bloom, or form fruit. This information can be very specific to each cultivar too. For example, many magic mushroom plants won’t form fruit unless temperatures drop down to below 79 degrees Fahrenheit. And then, some magic mushroom will. So, it helps to do a little research before planting.